Last Updated on November 7, 2022 by Umer Malik
A gorgeous, uncommon climbing houseplant with multi-lobed, horse-head-shaped glossy green leaves is called Philodendron bipennifolium (also known as violin, fiddle leaf, or horsehead philodendron). However, there are various variants with different colorations.
Learn how to distinguish this tropical evergreen plant from others in its genus and how it differs from them in terms of growth habits, leaves, stems, and flowers. Florida. There is also a section on related plants, such as Jerry Horne, Golden Dragon, and Philodendron joepii.
Not only that. We will also discuss philodendron bipennifolium aurea propagation demands as well as its maintenance requirements (light, temperature, humidity, watering, trimming, feeding, and so on). You will also gain more knowledge about various problems you can encounter, such as pests, illness, leaf discoloration (yellowing, browning, etc.), curling, or drooping of your plant.
Finally, if you’re interested, the conversation will direct you as to where and how much P. bipennifolium costs. These include eBay and Etsy, both of which have merchants from countries other than the US, such as Canada, the UK, Australia, the Philippines, etc. Some of these sellers also offer international shipping.
Care for Philodendron bipennifolium
The ideal environment for Philodendron bipennifolium is warm (65–85°F), humid, and lit by bright indirect light. Grow it in airy, organically rich soil that is well-drained, and be sure to water it when the top few inches of soil feel dry.
Here are some guidelines for caring for horsehead philodendrons:
10–11 according to the USDA, not frost hardy.
18-29 °C to 65 °F. Avoid temperatures below 50°F and chilly draughts. Additionally, keep it away from heat sources.
It enjoys high humidity levels of at least 60%. However, in the 40s and 50s with moderate humidity, you can still grow. If yours is too low, spritz your plant, use a pebble tray, or get an Amazon best-seller humidifier like AquaOasisTM Cool Mist Humidifier.
Bright, indirect lighting is OK. Stick to bright indirect light for plants with variegation, though. Avoid hot direct sun as well, and if yours is insufficient, consider buying grow lights. The Briignite LED Grow Light Bulb is a great purchase. They have a sun-like, full spectrum light and a lengthy lifespan of up to 50000 hours.
Fiddle leaf philodendron needs an organically rich, well-drained soil mixture. Purchase an aroid mix (see Etsy.com) or create your own by mixing potting soil with perlite, peat moss, bark chips, and compost.
If you have a soil moisture metre, water when the reading is in the dry zone and you can feel the top few inches or the tip of your first finger knuckle feeling dry (three or less for XLUX Soil Moisture Meter).
Feed your plant with a balanced liquid houseplant fertiliser at least once a month during the growing season. Use Bonide Liquid Plant Food 10-10-10 to feed your plant twice a month by adding 1/8 of a teaspoon per quart of water.
Remove any dead, decaying, or damaged leaves with your sanitised gardening shears. In order to restrict growth, you can also trim back stems in the early spring.
Repotting occurs every two to three years or when the roots become bound. Use a pot that is 2-3 inches broader overall.
You can learn more about philodendron bipennifolium aurea on purple heart plant
Issues with horsehead philodendron
You may have the following problems or difficulties as you take care of this species of Philodendron:
1. Diseases and pests
They don’t pose a significant obstacle, especially inside. But your plant can also contain mealybugs, thrips, scale insects, and mites. To control pests, apply horticultural oil sprays, insecticidal soaps, or neem oil.
On the other side, your plant could be impacted by leaf blights and bacterial and fungal spots that are common to Philodendron species. Fortunately, they are also rare. TO stop them, separate fresh plants, and follow hygienic practises (wash hands and sterilise gardening equipment).
2. Root decay
For those whose potting mix doesn’t drain or who overwater their plants, root rot is a frequent problem. Stunted growth, a mushy stem base, yellowing and drooping leaves, and mushy black or brown roots are all warning signs.
Repotting your plant could be able to salvage it if not all of the root ball has degenerated. While doing so, remove any bad food.
3. leaves of P. bipennifolium that have yellowed or become brown
Leaf discolouration is a sign of a problem with how your plant is being cared for and its growth environment, with the exception of a few lower leaves where it happens due to natural age.
For instance, yellow leaves are mostly a sign of overwatering. However, it could also be caused by underwatering, cold draughts, a lack of nourishment, heat stress, too much or too little light, etc.
On the other side, brown tips and edges could be a sign of overexposure to light, fertiliser burns, heat stress, poor humidity, or underwatering. Anything else that causes a quick moisture loss or stops roots from regularly receiving water.
How about spots that are brown, yellow, or black? They frequently point to diseases and pests. But it may be for any other reason we’ve identified.
4. Your plant’s drooping and its leaves curled
Plants respond by curving their leaves to decrease water loss or for protection, whereas drooping indicates that there is not enough water in the cell to maintain rigidity.
The causes of your plant’s drooping and the leaves curling include the following:
5:Anything that causes root rot, fertiliser burns, repotting shock, or impedes water absorption from leaves.